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Detailed California Map

This Detailed California Map was supplied by The University of Texas Libraries

Just click on The California Map For Larger View with zoom capabilities.

Leading industries in California include agriculture, manufacturing (transportation equipment, machinery, and electronic equipment), biotechnology, aerospace-defense, and tourism. Principal natural resources include timber, petroleum, cement, and natural gas.

Mt. Whitney (14,491 ft) is the highest point in the contiguous 48 states (we have climbed it 3 times and only made it to the top once!) Death Valley, in the southeast, is 282 ft below sea level, the lowest point in the nation. Lassen Peak is one of two active U.S. volcanoes outside of Alaska and Hawaii; its last eruptions were recorded in 1917.

Other points of interest on the California map include Yosemite National Park, Disneyland, Hollywood, the Golden Gate Bridge, Sequoia National Park, San Simeon State Park, San Clemente Beaches and Point Reyes National Seashore.California gained it’s Statehood, Sept. 9, 1850 as the 31st state. Sacramento is the state capital. California voters soundly rejected Gov. Schwarzenegger's heavily-supported ballot measures in the November 2005 elections. The population as of the 2000 census is 33,871,648, a 13.8% increase since the 1990 census.

Ranking third among the U.S. states in area, California has an area of 158,693 sq mi (411,015 sq km). A series of low mountains known as the Coast Ranges extends along the 1,200-mi (1,930-km) coast.

The region from Point Arena, N of San Francisco, to the southern part of the state is subject to tremors and sometimes to severe earthquakes caused by tectonic stress along the San Andreas fault. The Coast Ranges receive heavy rainfall in the north, where the giant cathedral like redwood (state tree) forests prevail, but the climate of these mountains is considerably drier in S California, and S of the Golden Gate no major rivers reach the ocean.

Behind the coastal ranges on a central California map lies the great Central Valley, a long alluvial valley drained by the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers. In the southeast lie vast wastelands, notably the Mojave Desert, site of Joshua Tree National Park.

Rising as an almost impenetrable granite barrier E of the Central Valley is the Sierra Nevada range, which includes Mt. Whitney, Kings Canyon National Park, Sequoia National Park, and Yosemite National Park.

The Cascade Range, the northern continuation of the Sierra Nevada, includes Lassen Volcanic National Park. Lying E of the S Sierra Nevada is Death Valley National Park.

The drier portions of the state especially are subject periodically to large, wind-driven fires; in certain hilly areas sometimes devastating mudslides occur, particularly in the rainy season after large fires.

The largest cities are, in order, Los Angeles, San Diego, San Jose, San Francisco, Long Beach, Oakland, and Sacramento.California is nicknamed the Golden State for good reason. In 1848 while establishing a sawmill for John Sutter near Coloma, James W. Marshall discovered gold and touched off the California gold rush. Its no wonder the state motto is “Eureka!”.

The forty-niners, as the gold-rush miners were called, came in droves, spurred by the promise of fabulous riches from the Mother Lode. San Francisco rapidly became a boom city, and its bawdy, lawless coastal area, which became known as the Barbary Coast, gave rise to the vigilantes, extralegal community groups formed to suppress civil disorder.

American writers such as Bret Harte and Mark Twain have recorded the local color as well as the violence and human tragedies of the roaring mining camps.

The California State Flower is the golden poppy and the state bird is the California valley quail.

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